ظافر قحطان سعيد الماشطة Anna Guildford Gary Phillips Matteo Santin
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a progressive brain disorder and age-related disease characterised by abnormal accumulation of β-amyloid (Aβ). The development of drugs to combat AD is hampered by the lack of therapeutically-active molecules able to cross the blood-brain barrier (BBB). It is agreed that specifically-designed carriers, such as dendrimers, could support the drug penetration across the BBB. The aim of this study was to design biocompatible and biodegradable dendrimeric delivery systems able to carry Flurbiprofen (FP), as drug for AD treatment, across the BBB and liberate it at the target tissue. These dendrons were synthesised using solid-phase peptide synthesis method and characterised by mass spectrometry and fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The results revealed successful synthesis of dendrons having FP been integrated during the synthesis at their branching ends. Cytotoxicity assays demonstrated the biocompatibility of the delivery systems, whereas HPLC analysis showed high percentages of permeability across an in vitro BBB model for FP-integrated dendrons. Results also revealed the efficiency of drug conjugates on the γ-secretase enzyme in target cells with evidence of eventual drug release by hydrolysis of the carrier. This study demonstrates that the coupling of FP to dendrimeric delivery systems can successfully be achieved during the synthesis of the poly(epsilon-lysine) macromolecules to improve the transport of the active drug across the BBB.